The Ontario CurriculumMathematics

## Course Overview

Grade 8 Mathematics online is designed to develop and refine students’ number sense, algebra skills, spatial reasoning, data management skills and financial literacy in preparation for secondary school studies of mathematics. Students will investigate relationships between mathematical operations and solidify their understanding of fractions concepts. Students will also explore the relationship between patterning and algebraic expressions while making connections to technology and coding. They will also explore relationships that emerge from the measurement of figures, two-dimensional, and three-dimensional shapes. Students will also deepen their understanding of how data and financial literacy are important in their everyday lives.

## COURSE OUTLINE

Below is a course outline for the online Grade 8 Mathematics course offered by Blyth Academy. As the Ontario curriculum is set by the Ontario Ministry of Education, the course and skills learned remain the same whether you take it in person or online.

### UNIT ONE Numbers

In this unit, students will begin by investigating scientific notation and square roots of numbers. Students will explore integer operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. They will then extend their understanding to operations involving fractions and order of operations.

### UNIT TWO Algebra

In this unit, students will begin by thinking about their own definition of a pattern in order to apply their understanding to represent various patterns. Students will then learn to identify and use pattern rules to predict future values in a sequence. Students will then investigate algebraic expressions and develop an understanding of the processes used to solve algebraic equations and inequalities. Lastly, students will make connections to technology in the real-world by exploring the relationship between algebraic processes and coding.

### UNIT THREE Spatial Sense

In this unit, students will review the process used to plot coordinates on a Cartesian plane. Students will then explore tessellations, translations, reflections, and rotations on a coordinate plane. Students will investigate angle relationships and related angles to apply their understanding to explore properties of triangles. Lastly, students will explore two-dimensional and three-dimensional measurement concepts such as perimeter, area, surface area, volume, and the side-length relationship in triangles.

### UNIT FOUR Data

In this unit, students will explore the processes used to collect, organize, and represent data in different ways. Students will investigate the key differences between one and two-variable data and make connections to the real-world. Students will then explore probability through the lens of real-world scenarios and compare theoretical and experimental probability.

### UNIT FIVE Financial Literacy

In this unit, students will develop and refine their financial literacy skills by reflecting on their own personal finance goals. Students will explore the advantages and disadvantages of different forms of payment, as well as strategies for spending and saving money wisely. Students will develop a personal budget in order to explore the idea of managing income and expenses. Lastly, students will explore the key differences between simple and compound interest by exploring real-world scenarios.

## ASSESSMENT

The final grade a student achieves will represent the quality of their overall achievement of expectations for the course. The final grade will be determined by evaluations conducted throughout the duration of the course.

The Grade 8 Mathematics course helps develop students’ number sense, algebra skills, spatial reasoning, data management skills and financial literacy in preparation for secondar school mathematics.

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