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CGO4M Spatial Technologies In Action – Grade 12 (University/College)

  • Grade 12

PREREQUISITE: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities

GRADE: 12 (University/College)

AVAILABILITY: Blyth Academy Online

THE ONTARIO CURRICULUMCanadian and World Studies

Course Overview

CGO4M online provides a foundation for students who are considering a career involving computer-based spatial technologies. Students will analyze and propose solutions to real-life issues related to spatial organization, such as determining transportation routes, appropriate locations for community services, or potential conservation and preservation areas. Students will extend their ability to use geographic information systems (GIS), global positioning systems (GPS), and remote sensing and to create maps, charts, and graphs. Throughout CGO4M online, students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process to investigate various issues related to spatial organization.

Introduction to Spatial Technologies

Essential Question: How are spatial technologies utilized to apply to such a vast range of industries and challenges?

In this unit, students will be provided with an overview of Spatial Technology and introduced to Geographic Information Systems (GIS) including its history and applications. There are a variety of learning materials including module lessons, visual, video, and hands-on exercises to get acquainted with Spatial Technologies.

Map Projections

Essential Question: What are the processes and considerations for using an applicable map projection that minimizes distortion?

In this unit, students will explore Map Projections as a critical element in displaying and integrating information in Spatial Technologies and GIS.

Data Modeling

Essential Question: What are the methods and considerations utilized to integrate spatial and attribute data?

In this unit, students will gain an understanding of the difference and appropriate use of Vector versus Raster data. Students will learn how to differentiate between spatial and non-spatial data and will explore the practices of linking and maintaining relationships between a spatial feature and its attribute data. Students will also learn how to apply the approach of layering as it relates to integrating multiple data sets together into one setting.

Capturing and Collection Data

Essential Question: What are the various methods in which data can be collected and integrated into an applicable format?

In this unit, students will explore Data Modelling. Integrating data is critical to any Spatial Technologies and their powerful capabilities. In addition, identifying the way data is expressed and integrated into various Vector, Raster, Spatial, and non-Spatial forms. The varied learning material is continued with both reading, visual, and hands-on activities to help students understand and apply the concepts.


Essential Question: How can the appropriate map elements be applied to effectively communicate information via maps?

In this unit, students will cover Cartography, which is the process of creating maps. A process which is both an art and science, and there are strategic implications to consider for effectively engaging an audience.

Spatial Analysis

Essential Question: What are ways in which spatial technologies can be implemented to analyze and solve challenges in a spatial format?

In this unit, students will go over Spatial Analytical methods – this is where the power of Spatial Technologies and GIS peaks. There are numerous analysis methods, all of which depend on the data that is used, and the issue/topic/problem that is being approached. This unit is very much hands-on, to gain awareness and develop skills in applying analytical methods.

Map Interpretation and Analysis

Essential Question: What are the methods and application of extracting and analyzing information from maps?

In this unit, students will learn how to interpret their analysis. It is important to continue to communicate and reinforce the summary as a means to present and communicate the findings and ‘take-aways’ from the map. This is where students are communicating their findings to an audience.

Interpreting, Analyzing and Monitoring Change

Essential Question: What are the methods of applying spatial technologies for the purpose of interpreting, analyzing, and monitoring change?

In this unit, students will cover interpreting and monitoring change with a focus on Supporting Sustainability. When students reviewed Remote Sensing, they looked at the changing conditions over time when looking at the 3 Gorges Dam in China. This final unit will apply Didactic Questioning and Map Interpretation from the previous unit, to apply to monitoring and interpreting change.

Please consult our Frequently Asked Questions Page or the Exam section within your course for more details on final exams and the exam fee. More information can also be found in our Student Handbook.

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